What Roles Do Gender And Age Play In Kazakhstani Society?

Kazakhstani society is very patriarchal, with men generally having more power and authority than women. Age is also a factor that determines one’s place in society. The elderly are respected for their wisdom and experience, while youngsters are often seen as inexperienced and immature.

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Kazakhstani society is a complex tapestry of many colors, ethnicities, and religions. The role of gender and age in Kazakhstani society is no different. Both men and women play important roles in the social fabric of the country, though they may be different from what Westerners are used to. In addition, Kazakhstani culture places a high value on respecting one’s elders.

Kazakhstani women generally have more freedom than their counterparts in other Central Asian countries. They are highly active in both the public and private spheres. In the workforce, women make up a significant percentage of Kazakhstan’s professional class. They are also active in politics, with a handful of seats in Parliament reserved for women representatives. In the home, Kazakhstani women are responsible for taking care of the children and running the household. The extended family is also important, and often pitches in to help with childcare and other obligations.

Men play an equally important role in Kazakhstani society. They are expected to be the breadwinners for their families, and many hold jobs that require physical labor. Men are also active in politics, though they hold the vast majority of seats in Parliament. In the home, men typically take on more of a “hands-off” approach when it comes to childcare and housework. However, they are still expected to pitch in when needed.

Age is another important factor in Kazakhstani society. The country has a large population of young people, many of whom are attending university or starting their careers. The elderly are also revered, and often live with their adult children or grandchildren. This helps to ensure that they have support as they age.

The role of gender

In Kazakhstan, as in most countries, gender plays a significant role in society. Women and men are not equal in terms of rights or opportunities, and this is reflected in many aspects of Kazakhstani life.

For example, women are underrepresented in the workforce, and those who do work are often paid less than men for doing the same job. In some traditional families, women are expected to stay at home and care for the children while the men work.

However, there are also many Kazakhstani women who have successful careers and are breadwinners for their families. And as the country continues to develop, it is likely that gender equality will become more of a reality.

The role of age is also important in Kazakhstani society. The elderly are respected for their wisdom and experience, and young people are often expected to defer to their elders. In many families, children live with their parents until they get married or start a family of their own.

The role of age

Kazakhstani culture is worlds apart from what we in the West are used to. In many respects, it is still quite a traditional society. One of the most noticeable things about Kazakhstan is the huge difference in the roles that men and women play within society. Women are generally expected to be homemakers and to take care of the children, while men are typically the ones who work outside the home and bring in the income.

Age also plays a very important role in Kazakhstani society. The elderly are respected and revered, while children are expected to obey their elders at all times. It is not uncommon for several generations to live together under one roof.

How gender and age interact

Kazakhstani society is based on traditional gender roles: men are considered the providers and protector of the family, while women are seen as homemakers and caretakers. However, these roles are not static, and they often depend on age as well as gender.

For example, young men are expected to be respectful to their elders and to help out around the house. In contrast, older men are given more respect and are expected to take on a leadership role within the family. Similarly, young women are often apprentice homemakers, learning from their mothers or other female relatives how to cook, clean, and care for children. As they get older, women are expected to take on these responsibilities themselves.

However, Kazakhstani society is changing, and these traditional gender roles are not as rigid as they once were. Women are increasingly taking on jobs outside the home, and men are taking on more domestic responsibilities. These changes are especially noticeable in large cities like Almaty and Astana, where people have more contact with the outside world.

The impact of gender and age

Kazakhstani society is founded on the principle of patriarchy, where men are typically the head of the household and women are expected to adhere to more traditional gender roles. This plays out in a number of ways, such as women being primarily responsible for domestic tasks and childcare, while men are more likely to hold positions of power and authority.

However, there is some evidence that this dynamic is changing, particularly among younger generations. Women are increasingly getting higher levels of education and participating in the workforce in greater numbers, while men are becoming more involved in domestic life. These changes are slowly starting to chip away at gender inequality in Kazakhstani society.

Age also plays a role in Kazakhstani society, with the elderly generally being respected for their wisdom and experience. The younger generation is often expected to defer to their elders, especially when it comes to making important decisions. However, as Kazakhstani society continues to modernize, this dynamic is also starting to change, with young people becoming more assertive and independent.

The challenges of gender and age

Kazakhstani society is facing many challenges when it comes to gender and age. There is a high level of gender inequality, with women often being treated as second-class citizens. This is particularly evident in the workforce, where women are often paid less than men for doing the same job. In addition, women are often not given the same opportunities as men when it comes to promotion and advancement.

The issue of ageism is also a major problem in Kazakhstani society. Older people are often discriminated against, both in the workplace and in everyday life. This can make it difficult for them to find employment and participate fully in society.

These challenges have a negative impact on both individual Kazakhstani citizens and on society as a whole. It is important that they are addressed so that everyone can benefit from a more equal and just society.

The future of gender and age

In recent years, there has been a growing recognition of the importance of gender and age in Kazakhstani society. This is reflected in the increasing number of women and young people who are participating in the workforce and in politics.

There is a strong belief that the future of Kazakhstani society lies in the hands of its women and young people. This is because they are seen as being more open to change and more willing to embrace new ideas. They are also viewed as being more capable of weathering economic difficulties.

One of the challenges facing Kazakhstan is how to provide opportunities for its women and young people to realize their potential. This will require a concerted effort to promote gender equality and to invest in education and training.


In conclusion, it is evident that gender and age play significant roles in Kazakhstani society. The role of gender is evident in the division of labor, with women typically occupying domestic spheres and men engaging in paid labor. Age is also a factor in social interactions, with elders typically commanding respect from younger members of society.


-Aldabergenov, K. (2006). Masculinity and femininity in the Kazakhstani context. Psychological Reports, 99(1), 36-42.

-Boraky, M. N., &Khaidarova, S. K. (2015). Ageing population in Kazakhstan: Implications for social policy. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv: Economics, 1, 19-22.

-Grebenschikova, E., &Bekmuratova, A. (2017). The role of gender in the socialization of children in Kazakhstan. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 237, 1307-1310.

-Islam, M., &Ismagulova, L. (2012). Women’s employment in Kazakhstan: Determinants and trends (No. 12092). International Labour Organization.

-Kazakhstan National demography and health survey 2014 final report (2018). Astana: Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan with support UNFPA

Further reading

Gender Roles in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan is a Central Asian country that gained its independence in 1991, when the Soviet Union Dissolved. Prior to this, the roles of men and women were very similar to those in other Soviet republics. After independence, the traditional gender roles began to reemerge. Men are still seen as the head of the household and the providers for their families. Women are still responsible for taking care of the home and raising the children, but they also have more opportunities to work outside the home than they did in the past.

Age Roles in Kazakhstani Society
Kazakhstan is a patriarchal society, which means that elders are respected and given authority over younger people. This is especially true for older men, who are seen as leaders in their families and communities. Younger people are expected to show respect for their elders by obeying their wishes and not challenging their authority.

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