- The Three Main Classes of Aztec Society
- The Roles of Nobles, Warriors, and Commoners in Aztec Society
- The Importance of Religion in Aztec Society
- The Aztec Family Structure
- Gender Roles in Aztec Society
- Marriage and Divorce in Aztec Society
- Parenting and Childhood in Aztec Society
- Education in Aztec Society
- Everyday Life in Aztec Society
- The Aztec Calendar
How Was Aztec Society Organized? The answer may be found through studying the social hierarchy of the Aztec people.
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The Three Main Classes of Aztec Society
The Aztec society was divided into three main classes: the nobles, the commoners, and the slaves. The nobles were the ruling class and they held all the power. They owned all of the land and they controlled the government. The commoners were the farmers, artisans, and merchants. They did not have any political power but they were allowed to own land and property. The slaves were captured enemy soldiers and they had no rights. They were used for manual labor and sometimes sacrificed to the gods.
The Roles of Nobles, Warriors, and Commoners in Aztec Society
Aztec society was organized into distinct classes, with the Nobles at the top of the social hierarchy and the Commoners at the bottom. In between were the Warriors, who formed a separate class but were still considered to be part of the Nobles.
The Nobles were the ruling class and included the priests, government officials, and other upper-level members of Aztec society. They were responsible for governing the people and administering justice. The Warriors were responsible for protecting the Aztec Empire from invasion and for fighting in wars. They were also responsible for providing tribute to the ruling Nobles. The Commoners were farmers, artisans, and other lower-level members of society. They paid tribute to the Nobles in the form of taxes and labor service.
The Importance of Religion in Aztec Society
Religion played a very important role in Aztec society. It was what brought the people together and gave them a common purpose. The Aztecs believed in a number of gods and goddesses, each of whom had their own area of responsibility.
The most important god was Huitzilopochtli, the god of war and the sun. He was considered to be the patron god of the Aztec people and was worshipped with great reverence. Other important gods included Quetzalcoatl, the god of wisdom and learning, and Tlaloc, the god of rain and fertility.
Aztec temples were usually located at the top of a pyramid, and they were used for both religious ceremonies and as a place to house the statues of the gods. The temples were also used as a place for people to come and pray for help or guidance from their gods.
priests played a very important role in Aztec society. They were responsible for performing religious ceremonies, keeping track of the calendar, and interpreting omens from the gods. They also acted as advisors to the ruler on religious matters.
Every Aztec woman was expected to marry someone from her own class and have children. Once a woman got married, she was considered to be part of her husband’s family and his property. Marriage was not considered to be a lifelong commitment, and either husband or wife could leave the marriage at any time without any legal consequences.
Aztec society was organized into different classes, with each class having its own specific roles and responsibilities. At the top of Aztec society were the nobles, who made up about 2% of the population. The nobles included wealthy landowners, military commanders, priests, government officials, and members of royal families. Below the nobles were the commoners, who made up about 98% of Aztec society. The commoners included farmers, laborers, artisans, merchants, and soldiers
The Aztec Family Structure
The Aztec Empire was comprised of many different peoples who shared a common culture and language. The basis of Aztec society was the family, which was ruled by the father. The father had complete control over the lives of his wife and children and could sell them into slavery if he wished.
The mother was responsible for the education of her children and the management of the household. Although women did not have formal legal status, they could own property and engage in trade.
Aztec children were expected to obey their parents and respect their elders. They were also expected to contribute to the family finances as soon as they were old enough to work.
Gender Roles in Aztec Society
Before the Spanish Conquest in 1519, the Aztec Empire was made up of around 5 million people. The Aztecs had a well-developed social hierarchy. At the top of Aztec society was the emperor, who was believed to be a direct descendant of the sun god. The emperor was supported by a noble class, which included religious leaders, military leaders, and government officials. Below the nobles were commoners, who made up the majority of Aztec society. Commoners were farmers, artisans, and laborers. At the bottom of Aztec society were slaves. Slaves were captured in battle or were criminals who had been convicted by a court.
Aztec society was also divided by gender. Men and women had different roles and responsibilities. For example, men were expected to be warriors and farmers, while women were expected to be homemakers and keepers of the home. However, there were also some roles that were shared by both men and women. Both genders could be priests, for example.
The division of labor between genders helped to keep Aztec society running smoothly. Men and women each had their own areas of expertise, which contributed to the overall welfare of the community.
Marriage and Divorce in Aztec Society
Aztec society was organized around the family, which was the basic unit of social organization. Families were grouped into clans, and clans were grouped into larger units called calpullis. Marriage and divorce were regulated by Aztec law, and families were expected to marry within their social group.
Aztec marriages were arranged by the parents of the bride and groom, and usually took place when the bride was around 16 years old. After marriage, the couple would live with the wife’s family. If a wife was not able to have children, her husband could take a second wife. Divorce was allowed, but it was rare.
Parenting and Childhood in Aztec Society
Parenting and Childhood in Aztec Society
The basic unit of Aztec society was the family, which was divided into two types: the nuclear family, composed of a mother, father, and their children; and the extended family, which included other relatives such as aunts, uncles, and grandparents. Parents were responsible for instilling religious beliefs and moral values in their children, as well as teaching them the skills they would need to become productive members of society.
Childhood in Aztec society was a time of play and learning. Boys learned to hunt and farm while girls learned to cook and weave. All children learned how to speak the Nahuatl language and to read and write in hieroglyphics. At the age of fifteen, boys began a ten-year period of military training, after which they were considered adults. Girls married at around the age of sixteen and became adults when they had their first child.
Education in Aztec Society
Aztec children had several options when it came to education. The majority of Aztec children attended public schools, which were free of charge and open to both boys and girls. In these schools, children learned to read and write in both Nahuatl, the Aztec language, and Spanish. They also received instruction in religion, history, and science. In addition to public schools, there were also private religious schools known as calmecac. These schools were usually reserved for the children of wealthy families or those destined for careers in the priesthood.
Everyday Life in Aztec Society
The Aztec civilization was one of the most highly organized societies of its time. Everyday life for the average Aztec was filled with a strict routine governed by religious beliefs and customs.
Aztec homes were typically small and cramped, with families often sleeping on mats placed on the floor. The majority of the population lived in small rural villages, with only a handful of larger cities dotting the landscape.
Aztec society was divided into two classes: the nobles and the commoners. The nobles were made up of the upper class who held positions of authority within the government, while the commoners represented the lower class who did not have any political power.
The Aztec religion played a large role in everyday life, dictating everything from what foods could be eaten to how one should behave in public. Religion was so important to Aztec society that temples were built in almost every city and village.
Although life could be difficult for the average Aztec, there were also many positive aspects to their way of life. The Aztecs were a highly cultured people with a rich history and traditions. They had a complex language and writing system, and their artisans were skilled in crafting beautiful jewelry, pottery, and other objects.
The Aztec Calendar
The Aztec calendar was based on a sacred 260-day cycle, which was divided into 13 months of 20 days each. The days were named after various gods and goddesses, and each month was represented by a different symbol.
The cycle began with the month of Cihuateteo, which was dedicated to the goddesses of death. This was followed by the month of Tecpatl, dedicated to the god Tezcatlipoca. The next month, Quauhxinco, was dedicated to the god Huitzilopochtli, and so on.
Every 52 years, the cycle would reset itself and begin again from Cihuateteo. This was known as the “52-year cycle,” or the “Aztec century.”