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How Societies Work: An Introduction
Now in its 5th edition, How Societies Work: An Introduction offers a comprehensive overview of Canadian society. Written by award-winning authors, the text guides readers through the essential concepts and debates surrounding class, gender, ethnicity, and globalization. The 5th edition has been revised and updated to reflect the latest research and developments in Canadian society.
The Nature of Societies
A society is a group of people who interact with one another on a regular basis, share common values and norms, and have a sense of solidarity. Societies are organized into distinct social units (e.g., families, government, education, religion) that tell us what the rules are and how we should behave.
The Origins of Societies
The study of sociology rests on the assumption that human social behavior is best understood by examining the groups to which people belong and how these groups interact. The first step in this process is to understand how and why societies originate.
Sociologists have put forward a number of different theories about the origins of societies. One theory suggests that societies originate as a result of agreements between individuals to cooperate for mutual benefit. This theory is known as the social contract theory.
Another theory suggests that societies originate as a result of conflict between groups of people. This theory is known as the conflict theory.
Still another theory suggests that societies are created by people who want to pursue common goals. This theory is known as the functionalist theory.
The Structure of Societies
In order to understand how societies work, it is necessary to understand their structure. Societies are organized into four major systems:
1. Family and kinship: This system includes the institutions of marriage, the family, and inheritance. It regulates people’s sexual activity and reproduction.
2. Religion: This system provides people with beliefs about the nature of the universe and their place in it. It also establishes rules for behavior that promote social cohesion and order.
3. Economics: This system determines how resources are produced, distributed, and exchanged. It includes the institutions of private property, trade, and market transactions.
4. Politics: This system establishes the rules by which societies are governed. It includes institutions such as government, law, and military force
The Functioning of Societies
How Societies Work: Class, Power and Change in a Capitalist World, Fifth Edition introduces students to the concepts central to an understanding of contemporary societies. The text is organized around three basic themes: class power and inequality; globalization and imperialism; and social change. These themes are integrated throughout the text, providing students with a comprehensive understanding of how societies work.
The Fifth Edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect the latest developments in social theory and research. New material on intersectionality, postcolonialism, digital media, and the role of the state in society has been added. The text also features updated case studies on topics such as climate change, the #MeToo movement, the rise of right-wing populism, and more.
The Change of Societies
A society is an institution consisting of a group of people who interact with one another to fulfill common needs. Societies are organized in a variety of ways, including economically, politically, and religiously. The concept of society is important to understanding how humans interact with one another, as well as how they develop and change over time.
The fifth edition of How Societies Work explores the major changes that have taken place in societies around the world over the past century. These changes include the rise of democracy, the spread of education and healthcare, the growth of the global economy, and the increase in international migration. The book also looks at the challenges that societies face today, such as inequality, environmental degradation, and terrorism.
The Future of Societies
It is imperative that we understand the factors which will shape the future of our societies, in order to make informed decisions about the direction we want them to take. In this fascinating book, leading social thinker and bestselling author Evgeny Morozov offers a provocative and timely diagnosis of the problems facing us today.
Morozov identifies four major trends that are remaking our societies: the accelerating pace of technological change, the individualization of social life, the globalization of economic activity, and the rise of China and other authoritarian powers. He argues that these trends are transforming our world in ways that we have not yet fully grasped – with far-reaching implications for democracy, freedom, and justice.
The future of our societies is at a pivotal moment. How we respond to the challenges posed by these trends will determine whether we can build more prosperous, cohesive, and sustainable societies – or whether we will slide into further turmoil and division. This ground-breaking book is essential reading for anyone who cares about the future of our world.
How to Use This Book
This book is designed to introduce you to the study of society. The opening chapter provides an overview of what sociologists do and how they go about their work. The following chapters explore a variety of topics that are central to an understanding of society, including social interaction, social structure, culture, social institutions, deviance and social change. Although the book is organized around these themes, it is not intended to be a comprehensive textbook. Rather, it is meant to provide you with a taste of the sociological enterprise and tostimulate your thinking about the role of society in your own life.
I have included a number of pedagogical features in this book to assist you in your learning. Each chapter begins with a set of learning objectives that specify what you should be able to do after reading the chapter. These objectives appear again at the end of the chapter along with a self-test consisting of true-false and multiple-choice questions designed to help you gauge your understanding of the material. There are also review questions at the end of each chapter that can be used for group discussion or further study. In addition, there are four Sociological Snapshots scattered throughout the book that provide brief introductions to topics that are explored in more depth in later chapters. Finally, I have included an annotated bibliography at the end of each chapter consisting of both print and online resources for further study.
I hope that you enjoy reading this book as much as I enjoyed writing it!
If you want to learn more about societies and how they work, we suggest checking out the following resources:
-How Societies Work: Class, Power and Change in a Canadian Context, 5th edition by Dana L. Bosworth and Paul W. Roman (ISBN 978-1-4833-0494-8).
-The Sociology of Sport and Physical Activity, 3rd edition by Jim Denison and William H. Baker (ISBN 978-1-55849-764-4).
-Sociology: A Canadian Perspective, 4th edition by Martin D. Schwartz and Beth Johnston (ISBN 978-0-17644073-5).
In order to better understand how societies work, it is important to have a working knowledge of the various disciplines that contribute to our understanding of social phenomena. These include, but are not limited to, sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, political science, and history. The Fifth Edition of How Societies Work brings together a wide range of readings that provide students with an up-to-date overview of classic and contemporary theory and research in the social sciences.
The readings are organized into ten sections: (1) Social Structure; (2) Culture; (3) Socialization and Social Interaction; (4) Deviance, Crime, and Social Control; (5) Social Institutions; (6) Stratification and Inequality; (7) Race, Ethnicity, and Gender; (8) Religion; (9) Population and Ecology; and (10) Globalization. The section on Globalization includes readings on both the winners and losers in the global economy as well as on the role of global institutions such as the World Trade Organization.
In addition to updating the readings in each section, the Fifth Edition features several new readings that reflect recent developments in social theory and research. These include readings on such topics as postmodernism, queer theory, postcolonialism, environmental sociology, transnationalism, surveillance society, consumer culture, biotechnology, class relations in post-industrial societies, digital divides within developed countries